How To Play Staccato Bowing
Staccato bowing is the exact opposite of Legato bowing. A legato bow stroke is long and smooth and connected. A staccato bow stroke is short and disconnected.
Be careful as you play staccato bowing because it needs to sound short and disconnected, but you don't want it to sound too harsh or scratchy.
When playing staccato it appears that you are just stopping your bow and then playing the next note; however, this will just create a scratchy sound. Rather, when you stop the bow, lift your bow slightly off the string each and every time to play a staccato bow stroke.
Think about it as if you are drawing a smile on a smiley face with your bow every time you make a bow stroke, so at the end of each stroke, you're lifting your bow off the string.
As you play, concentrate on lifting the bow at each side of bow stroke creating a smooth bow sound in the middle. This will produce the hammered sound you want at each end. If you try too hard to hammer the sound, it will create a choppy and unpleasant sound.
Staccato is best played in the middle of the bow, but sometimes music asks us to play on other parts of the bow.