Concerto No. 4 by Huber
The Huber concerto in G Major No. 4 is a beautiful piece of music that consists of theme and variations. We begin with the main theme of the piece that you hear in the beginning, this is followed by two variations. Finally, it goes back to the main melody and then finishes with a grand finale variation.
Concerto No 4. Part 1
When I think of this piece of music, especially with the main theme, I like the fact that it's a study on how octaves work using a really beautiful piece of music.
As you may or may not remember, an octave is essentially the same note, just higher or lower and separated by 7 other notes. For example, if you play B (1st finger on A string) then B (fourth finger on the e string) you have an octave.
Listen to the opening part and see if you can hear the octaves between the two B’s. In my opinion, the notes in-between are not as important but if you miss or play any of the B’s out of tune, the piece will not sound good. So, no matter what you do during the main theme, make sure that those octave notes are in tune.
Now, let's go through slowly and add in all of the other notes one by one. Play the opening B, then add a note, then play the other two. Next, play the opening B, then play the note we just learned, then add an additional note and then the two B’s until we get through the entire opening phrase.
I recommend using a tuner when practicing this opening section so that everything stays perfectly in tune.
Concerto No 4. Part 2
After the main theme, we come across a section called a tempo. This section is dramatically different than the beginning of the piece. The first thing to be aware of is the play of notes between the staccato bowing and the legato bowing. The staccato notes are clearly marked with a dot above the note. All the legato notes either have no marking or a line indicating you want to make it extra smooth. As we play through this piece slowly, try to incorporate the bowing into the notes right away.
The second thing to remember is to make sure that your bow is constantly in the right spot. So, for every other note or sixteenth note slur, you want to make sure that you use the whole bow. If you don't, you will find yourself running out of bow very quickly.
The notes are simple but pay close attention to the C# vs C natural. As you may recall, an accidental is a note that is written in for that one measure. It changes the notes from the key signature for the entire duration of the measure. In this case, there are several measures with the accidental C# written in. Make sure you carry the C# through the entire measure.
With this variation, it is important to make sure you keep a steady consistent pace despite all the notes.
At the end of the section we reach a spot where it says molto espressivo. Molto is the Italian term for very; espressivo means to express, so it means to be very expressive. We are also going to slow down a considerable amount to get ready for the 6/8 section.
Concerto No 4. Part 3
Beginning this section there are two very big things to remember. First of all, you are changing key signatures. Instead of playing everything in the key of G, we will play in the key of Bb major and we need to make sure that each and every b and e are flat.
Additionally we are also playing in 6/8 time so what that means is the eighth note gets the beat and there are 6 beats in a measure. So in 6/8, if the 8th note gets the beat then each quarter note gets two counts.
In this section we want the music to have more of a waltz feel instead of a straight forward beat as we did in the last two. In the second half, the term breit is marked and this means to have expression and movement.
As we get to the scherzando section we want to have a little more fun with the tempo and also the music. Scherzando means to be playful. I look at this section as a great way to play around with your notes and your expression.
Back to Espressivo
The second espressivo section is the same as the first one.
Concerto No 4. Part 4
In Tempo, we want to go back to the original key signature of G major and the tempo of a standard 4/4 time. We start this first section as the main theme before we finish off with the grand finale, the Amoroso section. Amoroso means loving style. The goal of this section is to have a light refreshing sound for the recapitulation or the grand finale of the piece.